– The document dated February 28, 1992 details how money was allegedly raised to forcibly remove Moi from power – It incriminated members of the founding president Mzee Kenyatta’s family, retired president Mwai Kibaki and his son Jimmy Kibaki among others – The document lists 84 politicians calling themselves “think tank”who included lawyers, professors and businesspeople
Document sourced from the national archives implies that some prominent leaders from GEMA communities with help from few leaders from other tribes planned a coup akin to the abortive military coup d’état of 1982.
The document dated February 28, 1992 and classified as “highly confidential” details how money was allegedly raised to forcibly remove Moi from power at his 14th year at the helm. It incriminated members of the founding president Mzee Jomo Kenyatta’s family, retired president Mwai Kibaki and his son Jimmy Kibaki, late politician Kenneth Matiba and other prominent leaders.
Government scheme However, interview with a leader implicated depict a government scheme to subdue unwavering competition by instilling fear in dissenters thus giving Moi leeway to retain the seat.
Former president Kibaki (middle) at the parliament during Moi’s body viewing. Photo: State House Kenya. Source: UGC The document lists 84 politicians calling themselves “think tank”. They included lawyers, professors and businesspeople each recorded with what they ostensibly contributed for the alleged coup. They were drawn from the nascent FORD, DP and KENDA parties. Cumulatively, the alleged contributions amounted to KSh3, 079, 500. This was purportedly intended to fund propaganda, publicity and hire youths, serving and ex-police and military personnel to facilitate the takeover through violence and disruption of KANU rallies. “All KANU meetings must be interrupted. Youth must employ all kinds of tricks to make sure that there’s no peace in the country and Moi will hand over the government to us. We have people in the army, special branch, the police, the civil service and in all places and we must take over the government” the document reads.
Youth recruitment The document indicates KSh350, 000 was allocated named leaders to facilitate recruitment of youths, serving and ex-security men in Mombasa, North and Lower Eastern, Kajiado and North Rift Valley. In a past interview with lawyer Paul Muite who is indicated as the top funder having allegedly given KSh180, 000 said no such takeover was planned. The document he claimed was among tens of fabricated records by state machinery to disrupt the opposition. President Uhuru Kenyatta was said to have contributed KSh 100,000 to facilitate the movement of youths. According to Muite some politicians allied to KANU and special branch officers doctored the documents and implicated people they felt were threat to Moi’s political interests especially after the repeal of Section 2A of the constitution in December 1991 that allowed multipartyism. “I never attended any of such meetings at all. There existed no such meetings. This was Kanu’s strategy to rally support for Moi,” Muite claimed. Adding; “To start with how such sensitive plan would be put in writing? Who would have dared to put in black and white their plan to eject or even harm Moi knowing well such a scheme would easily leak and consequences would be dire? This was just cheap politicking”.
The document reads in part: “Let’s abuse Moi, in Kenya and everywhere if possible, he should be assassinated. We shall look for money to buy weapons”. It continues; “Since we must remove Moi, we have to work very hard and in total unity……Let’s keep this as a top secret so the other tribes work for us and we shall take the leadership”. Money was allegedly distributed from 10 city hotels and bars, six in Mt Kenya region and one in Ngong, Kajiado. Four committees; security, finance, propaganda/publicity and recruitment were allegedly formed, headed by Kihika, Kibaki, Keen and John Kamangara respectively with total 27 members. The team is detailed as having proposed Matiba or Kibaki to take the power once the alleged scheme was successful.
Personal contributions: It is not indicated what Matiba contributed but Kibaki is listed as having contributed KSh100, 000, Uhuru Kenyatta KSh100, 000, his brother Muhoho KSh100, 000, Uhuru’s cousin Ngengi Muigai KSh40, 000, Jimmy Kibaki KSh40, 000, late Charles Rubia KSh100, 000, late vice president Josphat Karanja KSh100, 000 and Njenga Karume (deceased) KSh150, 000. Also listed include Andrew Ngumba KSh140, 000, Kihika Kimani KSh50, 000, Martha Karua KSh50, 000, John Keen KSh50, 000, Norman Nyaga KSh25, 000, Gitobu Imanyara KSh50, 000 and Matu Wamae KSh120, 000. Others implicated were Waruru Kanja KSh50, 000, Matere Keriri KSh100, 000, late Head of Civil Service G. K Kariithi KSh150, 000, Matiba’s daughter Ivy KSh5, 000, Kangema MP Muturi Kigano KSh3, 000, Munyua Waiyaki KSh100, 000, Maina Wanjigi KSh90, 000, Wambui Otieno KSh20, 000 and more others. However, discrepancies on the document put its authenticity to test despite it kept for years with utmost secrecy and importance at the state archives. Additionally, no action was taken on the ‘masterminds’ of that purported treason which was unusual for Moi who treated any subversion against his administration with incarceration or torture. Inaccuracies in the names of the claimed plotters, venues and the shoddy drafting of the minutes without signatures queries the likelihood of such intellectuals and high-profile politicians in such a plot. Also, how would they have held such clandestine meeting and naively put in writing a planned treason if at all there was one. It is also suspicious how after the document reached top authority in July it was handed to the then DCIO Kisumu J.K Songok, an outright breach of protocol yet the alleged coup was orchestrated in Nairobi and Central provinces.
Doctored document: The former Kabete MP said that in 1991 a similar document allegedly implicating him alongside others in opposition of drafting list of cabinet ahead of elections found its way into the Parliament eliciting a heated debate. According to Muite, one architect of the concocted documents confessed to him of the mischief which he divulged was well prepared to put in bad light the opposition and help garner sympathy for Moi. The architect, a late powerful politician from Maasailand, would however be implicated in the Moi ouster plot the following year. Some politicians implicated were still serving in Moi administration and others in bad terms over Nairobi constituencies. Some would serve in powerful positions after Moi’s disputable recapture of presidency in 1992 polls. Two years after 1992 elections Moi attempted to seek reconciliation with Mt Kenya leaders through formation of Gema-Kamatusa merger but the talks collapsed.